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Shammu
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« Reply #105 on: October 02, 2007, 11:19:59 PM »

Mt. EREBUS

As of the 1st of October, the Mt. Erebus Volcano Observatory (MEVO) reports that Mt. Erebus has frequent Strombolian eruptions. Infrequent ash eruptions. Rare lava flows confined to inner crater. Notable features are: Persistent convecting phonolite lava lake. Persistent low-level eruptive activity. One of Earth's few long-lived lava lakes. Most active volcano in Antarctica. Lavas and bombs contain large (<10 cm) phenocrysts (crystals) of anorthoclase feldspar.

Research on Mt. Erebus has been primarily conducted by scientists in the Department of Earth and Environmental Science and the Bureau of Geology and Mineral resources at the New Mexico Institute of Mining and Technology. Each austral summer, a group of scientists and students ascend the volcano to live and work for several weeks (early December to early January). Current research consists of 1) continued monitoring of the SO2 flux from the lava lake, 2) measuring the CO2 emissions from the lava lake and summit, 3) geochronology of the summit and flank lava flows, 4) continued monitoring of the seismic and seismoacoustic activity of the volcano through the use of a network of highly-sensitive broad-band seismometers, 5) establishing a GPS base network to monitor the short- and long-term deformation of the volcano.

Mt. Erebus, Ross Island, Antarctica is the worldís southern-most active volcano. Discovered in 1841 by James Ross, it is one of only a very few volcanoes in the world with a long-lived (decades or more) lava lake. Scientific research, sponsored by the U.S. National Science Foundation (NSF) since began the early 1970ís had included basic study of the petrology and geophysics of the volcano, the eruptive history, activity and degassing behavior of the lava lake, and the overall impact of the volcano on the Antarctica and global environment.

The Current Colour Code for Mt. Erebus is ORANGE
~~~~~~~~

So far this year these volcanoes have erupted.

1. LOPEVI
2. HUILA
3. CONCEPCION
3. KARYMSKY
4. BEZYMIANNY
5. SHEVELUCH
6. KLIUCHEVSKOI
7. CHIKURACHKI
8. SOUFRIERE HILLS
9. Mt. St. HELENS
10. POPOCATEPETL
11. PACAYA
12. FUEGO
13. SANTA MARIA
14. REVENTADOR
15. TUNGURAHUA
16. PITON de la FOURNAISE
17. KILAUEA
18. BULUSAN
19. UBINAS
20. MANAM
21. BATU TARA
22. TALANG
23. SUWANOSE-JIMA
24. COLIMA
25. RABAUL
26. Mt. ETNA
27. LLAIMA
28. UBINAS
29. RITTER ISLAND
30. MERAPI
31. SAKURA-JIMA
32. ARENAL
33. YASUR
34. STROMBOLI
35. Mt. EREBUS
36. LANGILA
37. GAMKONORA
38. Mt. CLEVELAND
39. PAVLOF
40. ERTA ALE
41. KARANGETANG
42. DABBAHU
43. BAGANA
44. RAUNG
45. Mt. RUAPEHU
46. TURRIALBA
47. GALERAS
48. JEBEL AL-TAIR

Durning a normal year there are only 29 active volcanoes. As you can see, this is far more then a normal year.

And that doesn't include all the underwater volcanoes that they have just recently found. There are 1,000s of them and many of them are currently active. So much activity is bound to increase the temperatures of the oceans. So much about mans theory about making the oceans warmer.
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« Reply #106 on: October 03, 2007, 05:37:18 AM »

WOW! - That's a ton of volcanoes on land and in the sea. UM? - That could have an effect on GLOBAL WARMING!

Calling

Al Gore!

You and your supporters need to start an ice brigade and start dropping ice cubes in the ocean and the volcanoes. If you get that 6 billion dollars you're after, you're going to have to work for it. Just hold your breath that the sun doesn't become more active with solar flares. Keep your boots on just in case.

I'll try to do my part in undoing JUST what Al Gore is doing, but it will take a bunch of us. His private jet, limo, and 30,000 square foot house does at least 5,000 times what the average person does. SO, 5,000 of us would have to quit using energy of any kind just to undo the damage that Al Gore is doing with his personal lifestyle. BUT remember folks, this is a pressing emergency that must be dealt with. Some of the numbers above are a guess that could be higher or lower. Regardless, it's an emergency. Al Gore wants us to ride bicycles to work while he flies his private jet. Al Gore - turn your house into a hospital, park your jet and limo, and let's see you ride your bicycle FIRST! What a hypocritical BLOW-HARD!


Back to a serious note:  if the rapidly escalating natural disasters are another sign of the end days of this Age of Grace, it will definitely get HOT! There are BIG peace talks with Israel in this coming November. If the world hears about a 7 year peace treaty, that's another sign of the end days of this Age of Grace.

Does anyone realize how rapid that evil is spreading? Surely most Christians have wondered about morals eroding by almost the minute now. GUESS - this is another sign of the end days of this Age of Grace.

UM? - There is almost constant talk of annihilating Israel by many countries. At the same time, Russia and China are in a time of huge military build-up. There will still be an army of 200 million left that will go against Israel right before the SECOND COMING OF CHRIST. Who can field an army much larger than 200 million?  China!  GUESS WHAT ELSE! - Roads that would accommodate a massive army are being built now from China on a logical land route to where? I'll give you a hint - the nation starts with "I" - ISRAEL!

UM? - Is there more? YES! - Much more, but I'll only mention one more right now. There is war talk right now between Syria and Israel. Preliminary reports indicate that Israel struck nuclear targets in Syria, AND there was a chemical weapon related accident in Syria shortly after the strike. Bible Prophecy clearly states that Damascus in Syria will cease to exist in the last days. Everything is falling into place. I lied - I have to mention one more. There was a recent error reported about nuclear missiles being flown over the heartland of America by a U.S. plane. You really don't believe that was a mistake - do you? I lied - one more. Russian heavy bombers are getting too close to the U.S. on a regular basis now. UM? - I wonder if that's an error of some kind? ABSOLUTELY NOT!

I lied again - one more. Do we already have many thousands of terrorists living among us and no idea what kinds of weapons they will use when the time is right? YES! Our government left our borders wide open during a time of war, and that was extremely STUPID! How many nuclear devices are missing from Russia? SURELY, North Korea wouldn't dare give weapons to terrorists - would they? YES THEY WOULD, and the Russian nuclear devices aren't missing. They know exactly where they are - right here on our soil RIGHT NOW!

I lied again - one more. Did Saddam have weapons of mass destruction?  YES!  Where did they go? They had all kinds of help from Russia in moving them to Syria, and Syria will use them against Israel.

Brothers and Sisters, the above isn't all facts, but it's PROBABLY TRUE. I don't claim a single thing except limited common sense and possibly some logic in connecting dots. NO! - I don't think that all of these things happening at nearly the same time are a coincidence. They look like the events in Bible Prophecy! There's much more, but this is more than enough to think about and pray about right now.

Thanks be unto God for His unspeakable GIFT, Jesus Christ, our Lord and Saviour Forever!
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« Reply #107 on: October 06, 2007, 02:26:07 PM »

Jabal al-Tair volcano continues to erupt, search for survivors called off
Posted in: Front Page
Written By: Zaid al-Alaya’a
Article Date: Oct 6, 2007 - 1:48:53 AM

The active volcano on the Red Sea island, Jabal al-Tair, in the Hodieda Governorate erupted again last Wednesday at 6:00 p.m., said Chairman of the Public Authority of Geological Survey Ismail al-Janad. 

The lava started to rise in the western part of the island near the naval fleet stationed in that area. “This is a common occurrence for active volcanoes and doesn’t call for any concern that the eruption might reach other islands,” said al-Janad.

The lava will continue to flow until the magma-well is finished. The volcano will only erupt again with further seismic pressure.

Dr. Khalid al-Salwi, a professor of rocks and minerals at Sana’a University, expects that the volcano will remain active for ten days or more as some craters are still smoking. Al-Salwi advised officials to form a team of experts to monitor activity from the island. 

Dr. Mohammed al-Qadesi, a biology professor at Sana’a University, told Saba news agency that the volcano in Jabal al-Tair is a category four volcano and is not considered to be very dangerous. “From an ecological side, the lava thrown in the sea is a good sign for new marine life because of the minerals that are carried with the lava,” al-Qadesi said.

Soldiers stationed on the island said they could not believe they were witnessing lava spews reaching the sky. Security reports from the island describe how soldiers jumped into the sea and swam away. They said they were “saved only by God’s merciful hand.” The weather helped the situation too—as it rained and blew with a cold wind.
 
The soldiers who fled the lava by jumping into the sea swam a long distance before they were rescued by a Canadian ship, and ships from the Yemeni Navy.

A soldier named Ali Ali Sareea told the September 26 newspaper, the mouthpiece of the Yemeni Army, that he swam for 21 hours before he was rescued by the Canadian ship. Sareea said that he felt an earthquake on Sunday at 2 p.m., which was then followed by big explosions. The panic-stricken soldiers jumped into the sea. After a short period, most of the soldiers got back on the island except for nine, including Sareea, who continued swimming. He was rescued by the Canadian naval ship at 10 a.m. Monday.   

Sareea and his nine colleagues tried to stop commercial ships, but the captains of the ships refused to stop and save them. He said he was bitten by fish during his swim.

The two who were saved were Sareea and Ahmed Abdullah Mohammed al-Jalal. Three people were reported dead after their bodies were identified. They are Mohammed Ahmed Nassar al-Tam, ahmed Abdul-Aziz Ghalib and Salim Ahmed Nassar.

The search by Canadian and other NATO ships for survivors from the eruption has been called off, the Canadian Press reported.

Ken Allen, a spokesman for the Canadian Navy said that the search ended shortly after noon local time Tuesday October 2. But Allen says a vigorous search of an area north of the island of Jabal al-Tair found no other bodies. HMCS Toronto, based in Halifax, was in the area with a NATO fleet when the eruption began Sunday evening. It has since sailed on with the NATO fleet toward the Mediterranean Sea.

The soldiers are: Abdullah Ali Muhsen Ahmed al-Mutwakel, Hussien Muhsen Mohammed al-Azab al-Wenani, Ali Ali hamoud Saleh al-Jadoom and Mohammed Ahmed Ali Abdullah Dhaiban.   

Geologists in Yemen said that the volcano on Jabal al-Tair erupted twice before in the 18th and 19th centuries and the last eruption was in 1883. They said that the eruption is connected to seismic activity. The Earthquake Observation Centre said it had recorded tremors in the Red Sea from 22 September until the volcano’s eruption. They measured 2.0-3.6 degrees on the Richter scale, with five of the larger ones recorded on 30 September. 

Jabal al-Tair (Bird Mountain) island is about 3km long and rises to a height of about 1,200 meters. It lies about 100km off the Yemeni coast and, according to geologists, is in a volcanically active part of the Red Sea.   

Yemen has had a military base on the island since 1996 after a dispute with Eritrea over two islands.   

Authorities in Hodeida have warned fishermen not to approach the island.

Jabal al-Tair volcano continues to erupt, search for survivors called off
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« Reply #108 on: October 06, 2007, 02:28:43 PM »

Matthew 24:7-8 For nation will rise against nation, and kingdom against kingdom, and there will be famines and earthquakes in place after place; 8 All this is but the beginning [the early pains] of the birth pangs [of the intolerable anguish].

Keep your eyes towards the heavens, for our Lord may call us home in the blink of an eye.
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« Reply #109 on: October 06, 2007, 02:32:17 PM »

Tents, vehicles readied for feared Indonesian volcanic eruption

Fri Oct 5, 1:34 PM ET

JAKARTA (AFP) - Indonesian officials and volunteers pitched tents and assembled evacuation vehicles Friday amid fears that a volcano in densely populated East Java could soon erupt, local officials there said.

"We are setting up a number of tents in Karang Rejo village located some 10 kilometres (six miles) from the crater in case of eruption," local official Tri Setyoko told AFP.

Setyoko added that more than 30 off-road vehicles were also ready to evacuate residents if activity at simmering Mount Kelut escalated further.

Residents were advised last Sunday to maintain a five-kilometre safety zone around the 1,731-metre (5,712-feet) peak and told to prepare to evacuate at the first sign of any eruption.

Evacuation drills were held in the area on Thursday.

Agung Budianto, a volcanologist monitoring Mount Kelut, said a minor volcanic tremor early Friday indicated that magma was starting to push towards the crater's surface, but it was not a significant shift yet, he said.

Based on current conditions, the volcanology office would maintain its current alert at the third of a four-tier system, he added.

A fourth tier alert means an eruption could be imminent.

Mount Kelut last blew in 1990. The volcano has claimed more than 15,000 lives since 1500, including around 10,000 when it erupted in 1568.

Although its immediate slopes are sparsely inhabited, the peak is a popular domestic tourist destination and it is located on a heavily populated plain.

Tents, vehicles readied for feared Indonesian volcanic eruption
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« Reply #110 on: October 17, 2007, 09:17:39 AM »

Indonesian Villagers Defy Volcano Warnings

Tuesday , October 16, 2007

AP
MOUNT KELUD, Indonesia —
Hundreds of villagers defied warnings of a major eruption at one of Indonesia's deadliest volcanos, leaving refugee centers Wednesday and returning to homes along its slopes to tend to crops and animals.

Mount Kelud, which has been showing signs of increased activity for several weeks, was placed on the highest alert level late Tuesday, meaning scientists believe an eruption may be imminent.

The 5,679-foot volcano last erupted in 1990, killing dozens. In 1919, a powerful explosion destroyed a hundred villages and claimed 5,160 lives.

Local authorities began mandatory evacuations of around 30,000 people living within six miles of the peak late Tuesday, mostly women, children and the elderly. Many men refused to leave, according to an Associated Press reporter on the mountain.

On Wednesday morning, hundreds of people left temporary evacuation camps in rented trucks and returned to their villages, complaining they had received no food and saying they must tend crops.

"There was no food at all," said Darmiashiah, a 33-year-old woman who returned to the village of Sukiwaras, well within in the evacuation zone. "If I get told to leave again, I will not go," said Darmiashiah, who goes by a single name.

Unlike some volcanos, Mount Kelud does not smoke or rumble.

"It never shows its true nature," said government volcanologist Surono, who goes by a single name. "It is better to raise the status than see people killed."

Kelud, on Java island about 385 miles east of the capital, Jakarta, is one of the most active of Indonesia's estimated 150 active volcanoes. The country sits on the so-called Pacific Ring of Fire — a series of volcanos and fault lines stretching from the Western Hemisphere through Japan and Southeast Asia.

Indonesian Villagers Defy Volcano Warnings
~~~~~~~~

Well this brings eruptions up 49 for this years when MT. KELUD erupts.

Guess I need to update this tonight.
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« Reply #111 on: October 17, 2007, 11:11:57 AM »

Hello Dreamweaver,

Brother, it's been some time since I thanked you for sharing this information with us, so THANKS!

Some people don't know that greatly increasing numbers of natural disasters is one of the SIGNS of the end days of this Age of Grace. We are most definitely seeing many more natural disasters and it has nothing at all to do with "Al Gore's so-called global warming." ONLY the CREATOR is in charge of the powers of nature. I must add that many single things in nature are hundreds or thousands of times as devastating as any bomb man has created.

We can read in this thread that a single volcano has the destructive power to effect the entire earth. This is just a small example of the power locked up in ALMIGHTY GOD'S CREATION. If someone wants a larger example, consider what small changes in the sun would be capable of doing. It wouldn't take much of a change in the sun for us to fry or freeze. ONLY GOD can hold such intricate and complex things in balance. In spite of these facts, much of mankind disobeys and rejects GOD. In fact, much of mankind mocks GOD and have turned their backs on THE CREATOR. One of the reasons HE is called ALMIGHTY GOD refers to POWER without any limits, and ALMIGHTY GOD certainly has that kind of power. HIS patience will run out one day with evil men who have rejected HIM. One of the SIGNS of HIS RIGHTEOUS WRATH to come will be larger numbers of natural disasters.


Love In Christ,
Tom

Thanks be unto God for His unspeakable GIFT, Jesus Christ, our Lord and Saviour Forever!
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« Reply #112 on: October 17, 2007, 06:06:37 PM »

Brother Tom your welcome as you know this is a part of Biblical Prophecy.
~~~~~~~~~

KELUT

As of the 17th of October, the Volcanological Society opf Indonesia (VSI) has reported that based on results of observation and the analysis, deformation, visual and the grating of the temperature of water of the crater lake, then the Kelut activity had the potential to have an eruption. Because of that on October 16th, 2007 at 1725hrs WIB, the status of the Kelut activity was raised from Alert Level III to IV level).

The development of the Kelut activity in the Kediri Regency, Kabupaten Blitar and the Malang Regency, Provinsi East Java as follows:
I. Since October 16th, 2007, at 1000hrs WIB through to 1700hrs WIB printed 306 volcanic shallow earthquake incidents that was the process of the occurrence of the rock crack progressively by the fluid (magma, gas or vapour) headed the surface.
II. Visual: On September 15th, 2007 was observed by the existence of gas in the middle of the crater lake and until this had the trend increasingly spread. On September 28th, 2007 gas reached the radius 5 m. with the colour of white water of the crater lake spread everywhere.
III. Deformation: Results of the grating of period deformation 13th till October 16th, 2007 also showed the existence of the process of inflation around the Kelut peak.
IV. Water Temperature: Results of the grating of the temperature of water of the crater lake on October 16th, 2007 at 1200hrs WIB reached 37.8 oC.

The colour code at Kelut is currently at ALERT LEVEL IV
~~~~~~~~~~

GALERAS

As of the 16th of October, the Observatory Vulcanológico and Sismológico de Pasto (OVSP) has reported that activity of the volcano stays in: Level III (Changes in the behaviour of the volcanic activity) Of the permanent pursuit and analysis that the Vulcanológico Observatory of the INGEOMINAS makes in Grass, one stands out that:

1. It continues predominating the registry of seismic events related to dynamics of the magmatic fluids, with low power levels and that happen at superficial levels.
2. In recognition of field conducted the 5 of October from the top, could be verified that the emissions as much continue appearing from the main crater as from other craters and fumarolic fields of the active cone; there are variations in the rates of gas discharge and sometimes the gases produce sounds (similar to a jet) when they are expelled to the atmosphere. Several of these processes correlated themselves with the registry of seismic events.
3. When the climatic conditions have allowed it, the observation has been possible from Grass and other populations bordering to the volcano, of columns of emission mainly conformed by water steam, that sometimes drag small volumes of solid particles (so large ash and finer). These columns have reached peak altitudes of 1000 metres on the top of the volcanic edifface. Predominant dispersion of the columns of emission by action of the wind has been towards the north flank. On Saturday, the 13th of October in times of the night, the wind dispersed the column towards the eastern flank, thus was possible to perceive scents to sulphured gases in sectors of the city of Grass. INGEOMINAS continues kind to the evolution of the volcanic activity and will opportunely inform the changes that can be detected.

The colour code at Galeras is currently at ALERT LEVEL III
~~~~~~~~

BULUSAN

Bulusan
Bulusan photo courtesy of the Smithsonian Institution.

As of the 16th of October, The Philippine Institute of Volcanology and Seismology (PHIVOLCS) has reported that heavy rain caused lahars at Bulusan volcano in the Philippines last night. Nearly 200 residents in Irosin and Cogon were evacuated. Eruptions of Bulusan earlier this month created six new vents. Three vents were created on southeast slope and three on northwest slope. Residents are advised to stay away from the 4 km permanent exclusion zone. A press release from PHIVOLCS advises "Residents of areas beyond the (four-km permanent danger zone) that are downwind of the crater are likely to be affected by ashfalls during explosions. Furthermore, residents near river/ stream channels around the volcano should also be on alert against life-threatening volcanic mudflows (lahars) during heavy rains which might remobilise ash and loose deposits from the upper slopes."

Luzon's southernmost volcano, Bulusan, was constructed along the rim of the 11-km-diameter dacitic-to-rhyolitic Irosin caldera, which was formed about 35,000-40,000 years ago. Bulusan lies at the SE end of the Bicol volcanic arc occupying the peninsula of the same name that forms the elongated SE tip of Luzon. A broad, flat moat is located below the topographically prominent SW rim of Irosin caldera; the NE rim is buried by the andesitic Bulusan complex. Bulusan is flanked by several other large intracaldera lava domes and cones, including the prominent Mount Jormajan lava dome on the SW flank and Sharp Peak to the NE. The summit of 1565-m-high Bulusan volcano is unvegetated and contains a 300-m-wide, 50-m-deep crater. Three small craters are located on the SE flank. Many moderate explosive eruptions have been recorded at Bulusan since the mid-19th century.

The Current Colour Code for Bulusan at ALERT LEVEL 1
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« Reply #113 on: October 17, 2007, 06:09:17 PM »

JEBEL AL TAIR

As of the 11th of October, the Earth Observatory About the Earth Observatory has reported to INTLVRC that according to news reports, the eruption from the Jebel at Tair that began on 30 September continued on 3 October with lava flows noted on the W part of the island.

ASTER measures not only light visible to human eyes, but also near infrared light, enabling the sensor to detect thermal anomalies caused by substantial temperature differences. The bright red spot at the summit is such an anomaly, and it suggests hot lava associated with ongoing volcanic activity. Immediately to the north of the summit is a small faint red streak, another thermal anomaly that appears to flow down the volcano’s slope. At the same time, a nearly transparent plume emanates from the summit up toward a cloud. Water content of the volcanic plume could be responsible for this cloud, although clouds do routinely form over summits.

On September 30, 2007, NATO ships in the region reported a spectacular “light show” complete with fountains of lava. Dark rivulets of rock in this image indicate an apparent lava flow in the northeast quadrant of the island, moving in the same direction as the faint thermal anomaly near the summit. These dark deposits likely resulted from the recent eruption, and contrast with the paler shades of older lava flows. Jebel at Tair is a stratovolcano—a steep-sloped cone composed of alternating layers of ash, lava, and rocks produced by earlier eruptions. The latest eruption is a continuation of activity on this island, where explosive eruptions were recorded in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries. Jebel at Tair is known by multiple names and spellings. It has alternately been referred to as Jabal al-Tair, Jabal al-Tayr, Tair Island, Al-Tair Island, Djebel Teyr, and Jibbel Tir.

The basaltic Jebel al Tair stratovolcano rises from a 1200 m depth in the south-central Red Sea, forming an oval-shaped island about 3 km long. Jebel al Tair is the northernmost known Holocene volcano in the Red Sea and lies SW of the Farisan Islands. Youthful basaltic pahoehoe lava flows from the steep-sided central vent, Jebel Duchan, cover most of the island. They drape a circular cliff cut by wave erosion of an older edifice and extend beyond it to form a flat coastal plain. Pyroclastic cones are located along the NW and southern coasts, and fumarolic activity occurs from two uneroded scoria cones at the summit. Radial fissures extend from the summit, some of which were the sources of lava flows. The island is of Holocene age, and explosive eruptions were reported in the 18th and 19th centuries.

The Current Colour Code for Jebel al Tair is currently at ORANGE
~~~~~~~~

Mt. RUAPEHU

As of the 10th of October, the GeoNet Data Centre (CNDC) via the Global Volcanism Network (GVN) reported that GNS scientists have continued to monitor the activity at Ruapehu since the eruption on September 25. As no further eruptions have occurred since then the Alert Level is now being lowered to Level 1, said Brad Scott. Mr Scott commented that data from Crater Lake sampling and airborne surveys to analyse gases in the volcanic plume have shown a response to the eruption on September 25, as has the seismic activity recorded by the GeoNet equipment, but no further eruptions have occurred. The Alert Level is now reduced to Level 1 (departure from typical background surface activity, signs of unrest) from Level 2 (minor eruptive activity) and will continue to be re-assessed regularly.

The Crater Lake temperature has risen slightly (13 to 19 °C), the SO2 flux has shown no change, while the CO2 flux has increased slightly. The lake chemistry shows a slight increase in magnesium, while there is little change in chloride concentrations. There has been a small increase in the background level of volcanic tremor, but almost no volcanic earthquakes. These observations are consistent with the volcano's hydrothermal system responding to an eruption through it. The hydrothermal system has not stabilised as yet and the possibility of further activity remains at the volcano. Any further eruptions may also occur without warning. The Department of Conservation in conjunction with GNS Science has developed guidelines for access to the mountain and maps showing areas at risk from volcanic activity. Visitors are encouraged to follow these.

Ruapehu, one of New Zealand's most active volcanoes, is a complex stratovolcano constructed during at least 4 cone-building episodes dating back to about 200,000 years ago. The 110 cu km dominantly andesitic volcanic massif is elongated in a NNE-SSW direction and is surrounded by another 100 cu km ring plain of volcaniclastic debris, including the Murimoto debris-avalanche deposit on the NW flank. A series of subplinian eruptions took place at Ruapehu between about 22,600 and 10,000 years ago, but pyroclastic flows have been infrequent at Ruapehu. A single historically active vent, Crater Lake, is located in the broad summit region, but at least five other vents on the summit and flank have been active during the Holocene. Frequent mild-to-moderate explosive eruptions have occurred in historical time from the Crater Lake vent, and tephra characteristics suggest that the crater lake may have formed as early as 3000 years ago. Lahars produced by phreatic eruptions from the summit crater lake are a hazard to a ski area on the upper flanks and to lower river valleys.

The Current Colour Code for Mt. Ruapehu is currently at ALERT LEVEL 1
~~~~~~~~~~~~~

KARANGETANG

As of the 11th of September, the Volcanological Society of Indonesia (VSI) has reported that the Karangetang volcano alert level has been lowered now to ORANGE due to the on-going and but slightly decreased activity. After a gradual increase in activity, Karangetang volcano on Siau island started a more violent phase of activity. Lava flows and pyroclastic flows from the growing lava dome have been reported. According to the Jakarta Post, several hundred people have been evacuated from villages on the slopes of the volcano. A major explosive eruption could happen in the near future, volcanologist estimate.

Karangetang (Api Siau) volcano lies at the northern end of the island of Siau, north of Sulawesi. The 1784-m-high stratovolcano contains five summit craters along a N-S line. Karangetang is one of Indonesia's most active volcanoes, with more than 40 eruptions recorded since 1675 and many additional small eruptions that were not documented in the historical record (Catalog of Active Volcanoes of the World: Neumann van Padang, 1951). Twentieth-century eruptions have included frequent explosive activity sometimes accompanied by pyroclastic flows and lahars. Lava dome growth has occurred in the summit craters; collapse of lava flow fronts has also produced pyroclastic flows.

The Current Colour Code for Karangetang is currently at ALERT LEVEL 3
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« Reply #114 on: October 17, 2007, 06:12:59 PM »

Mt. CLEVELAND

As of the 17th of October, the Alaska Volcano Observatory (AVO) has reported that today's satellite views of Cleveland were mostly cloudy today. No reports of activity have been received. AVO continues to monitor Cleveland Volcano closely with satellite imagery as weather allows. The lack of a real-time seismic network at Cleveland means that AVO is unable to track local earthquake activity related to volcanic unrest. Short-lived explosions of ash that could exceed 20,000 ft above sea level can occur without warning and may go undetected on satellite imagery.

The symmetrical Mt. Cleveland stratovolcano is situated at the western end of the uninhabited dumbbell-shaped Chuginadak Island in the east-central Aleutians. The 1,730-m-high stratovolcano is the highest of the Islands of Four Mountains group and is one of the most active in the Aleutians. Numerous large lava flows descend its flanks. It is possible that some 18th to 19th century eruptions attributed to Carlisle (a volcano located across the Carlisle Pass Strait to the NW) should be ascribed to Cleveland. In 1944 Cleveland produced the only known fatality from an Aleutian eruption. Recent eruptions from Mt. Cleveland have been characterised by short-lived explosive ash emissions, at times accompanied by lava fountaining and lava flows down the flanks.

The Current Colour Code for Cleveland is currently at YELLOW
~~~~~~~~~~

UBINAS

As of the 11th of October, INGEMMET reported that based on pilot reports, the Buenos Aires VAAC reported that ash plumes from Ubinas rose to altitudes of 5.5-6.4 km (18,000-21,000 ft) a.s.l. and drifted E on 12 and 20 September. Ash was not identified on satellite imagery.

A small, 1.4-km-wide caldera cuts the top of Ubinas, Peru's most active volcano, giving it a truncated appearance. Ubinas is the northernmost of three young volcanoes located along a regional structural lineament about 50 km behind the main volcanic front of Perú. The growth and destruction of Ubinas I volcano was followed by construction of Ubinas II volcano beginning in the mid-Pleistocene. The upper slopes of the andesitic-to-rhyolitic Ubinas II stratovolcano are composed primarily of andesitic and trachyandesitic lava flows and steepen to nearly 45 degrees. The steep-walled, 150-m-deep summit caldera contains an ash cone with a 500-m-wide funnel-shaped vent that is 200 m deep. Debris-avalanche deposits from the collapse of the SE flank of Ubinas about 3700 years ago extend 10 km from the volcano. Widespread plinian pumice-fall deposits from Ubinas include one of Holocene age about 1000 years ago. Holocene lava flows are visible on the volcano's flanks, but historical activity, documented since the 16th century, has consisted of intermittent minor-to-moderate explosive eruptions.

The Current Colour Code for Ubinas is currently at ORANGE
~~~~~~~~

HUILA

As of the 9th of October, with respect to the pursuit of the activity of the snow-covered volcano of the Huila, INGEOMINAS, Observatory Vulcanológico and Sismológico de Popayán, informed that:
In the period between the 2nd and the 8th of October a total of 161 seismic events was registered. Among them, 73 events are associate to fracturing of rock, 83 flowed earthquakes related to the dynamics of within the volcanic conduits, 3 hybrid events and 2 pulses of tremor of low magnitude.
The volcano-tectonic events in this period were located to the east of the Central Tip, with inferior magnitudes of coda to 1.5. These events were registered to inferior depths to 6 km Between these events, excel happened the 6th of October to 2040hrs local time, with a magnitude of 1.3, and happened at 1520hrs and at 1900hrs local time, with magnitude of 1.5.
Of the previous thing it is emphasised that the volcanic complex presents/displays low levels of activity, with slight excitations of the system. INGEOMINAS continues kind to the evolution of the volcanic phenomenon and will inform into opportune way the changes that can be presented/displayed.

Nevado del Huila, the highest active volcano in Colombia, is an elongated N-S-trending volcanic chain mantled by a glacier icecap. The 5365-m-high andesitic-dacitic volcano was constructed within a 10-km-wide caldera. Volcanism at Nevado del Huila has produced six volcanic cones whose ages in general migrated from south to north. The high point of the complex is Pico Central. Two glacier-free lava domes lie at the southern end of the Huila volcanic complex. The first historical eruption from this little known volcano was an explosive eruption in the mid-16th century. Two persistent steam columns rise from Pico Central, and hot springs are also present.

The Current Colour Code for Huila is currently at ORANGE
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« Reply #115 on: October 17, 2007, 06:15:46 PM »

CHIKURACHKI

As of the 13th of October, the Kamchatkan Volcanic Eruption Response Team (KVERT) has reported that the eruption of the volcano continues. Ash explosions up to 6 km (or 19,700 ft.) ASL are possible. The activity of the volcano could affect low-flying aircraft. According to satellite data, gas-steam plume containing small amount of ash extended >50 km (>31 mi) from the volcano to the north-east on October 07 and 10, clouds obscured the volcano on the other days. Chikurachki volcano is not monitored with seismic instruments. KVERT has satellite monitoring and receives occasional visual observations of this volcano.

Chikurachki, the highest volcano on Paramushir Island in the northern Kuriles, is actually a relatively small cone constructed on a high Pleistocene volcanic edifice. Oxidised basaltic-to-andesitic scoria deposits covering the upper part of the young cone give it a distinctive red colour. Frequent basaltic plinian eruptions have occurred from Chikurachki during the Holocene. Lava flows from 1816-m-high Chikurachki reached the sea and form capes on the NW coast; several young lava flows also emerge from beneath the scoria blanket on the eastern flank. The Tatarinov group of six volcanic centres is located immediately to the south of Chikurachki. In contrast to the frequently active Chikurachki, the Tatarinov volcanoes are extensively modified by erosion and have a more complex structure. Tephrochronology gives evidence of only one eruption in historical time from Tatarinov, although its southern cone contains a sulfur-encrusted crater with fumaroles that were active along the margin of a crater lake until 1959.

The Current Colour Code for Chikurachki is currently at ORANGE
~~~~~~~~~~~~~

KARYMSKY

As of the 13th of October, the Kamchatkan Volcanic Eruption Response Team (KVERT) has reported that the eruption of the volcano continues. Ash explosions up to 6 km (or 19,700 ft.) ASL are possible at any time. The activity of the volcano could affect low-flying aircraft in the vicinity of the volcano. Seismic activity was above background levels all week, many shallow volcanic earthquakes and a spasmodic volcanic tremor were registered at the volcano all days. According to seismic data, possibly ash explosions rose up to 5.2 km (17,100 ft) ASL all week. According to satellite data, a big thermal anomaly at the volcano was noted on October 04-08 and 10-11. Clouds obscured the volcano on the other days. Ash plumes extended >350 km (>217 mi) mainly to the eastern directions from the volcano on October 04-08 and 10-11.

Karymsky, the most active volcano of Kamchatka's eastern volcanic zone, is a symmetrical stratovolcano constructed within a 5-km-wide caldera that formed during the early Holocene. The caldera cuts the south side of the Pleistocene Dvor volcano and is located outside the north margin of the large mid-Pleistocene Polovinka caldera, which contains the smaller Akademia Nauk and Odnoboky calderas. Most seismicity preceding Karymsky eruptions originated beneath Akademia Nauk caldera, which is located immediately south of Karymsky volcano. The caldera enclosing Karymsky volcano formed about 7600-7700 radiocarbon years ago; construction of the Karymsky stratovolcano began about 2000 years later. The latest eruptive period began about 500 years ago, following a 2300-year quiescence. Much of the cone is mantled by lava flows less than 200 years old. Historical eruptions have been vulcanian or vulcanian-strombolian with moderate explosive activity and occasional lava flows from the summit crater.

The Current Colour Code for Karymsky is currently at ORANGE
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

BEZYMIANNY

As of the 17th of October, the Kamchatkan Volcanic Eruption Response Team (KVERT) has reported that the activity of the volcano gradually decreases. According to satellite data, there was no ash plumes near the volcano last several hours. But ash plumes continue to take up position over Kronotsky bay and this may affect low-flying aircraft. According to seismic data, seismicity was slightly above background levels from 0001hrs UTC on October 16. Volcanic tremor has not been registered from 1400hrs UTC on October 15. Probably small hot avalanches continue to occur at the volcano. Clouds obscured the volcano at this time.

Prior to its noted 1955-56 eruption, Bezymianny volcano had been considered extinct. The modern Bezymianny volcano, much smaller in size than its massive neighbours Kamen and Kliuchevskoi, was formed about 4700 years ago over a late-Pleistocene lava-dome complex and an ancestral volcano that was built between about 11,000-7000 years ago. Three periods of intensified activity have occurred during the past 3000 years. The latest period, which was preceded by a 1000-year quiescence, began with the dramatic 1955-56 eruption. This eruption, similar to that of Mount St. Helens in 1980, produced a large horseshoe-shaped crater that was formed by collapse of the summit and an associated lateral blast. Subsequent episodic but ongoing lava-dome growth, accompanied by intermittent explosive activity and pyroclastic flows, has largely filled the 1956 crater.

The Current Colour Code for Bezymianny is currently at ORANGE
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« Reply #116 on: October 17, 2007, 06:17:57 PM »

SHEVELUCH

As of the 13th of October, the Kamchatkan Volcanic Eruption Response Team (KVERT) has reported that growth of the lava dome continues. Ash explosions up to 10 km (32,800 ft.) ASL could occur at any time. The activity of the volcano could affect international and low-flying aircraft. Seismic activity was above background levels. Many shallow volcanic earthquakes and an intermittent volcanic tremor were registered all week. According to seismic data, ash plumes up to 6.5 km (21,300 ft) ASL occurred at the volcano on October 04-06 and 09-11. There were small hot avalanches all week. According to video data, gas-steam plumes (sometimes containing ash) raising up to 4.5 km (14,800 ft) ASL were noted on October 04, 06-07 and 11. There was a weak fumarolic activity on October 08. Clouds obscured the volcano on the other days. According to satellite data, a big thermal anomaly was noted all week. Ash plumes extended > 250 km (155 mi) mainly to the eastern directions from the volcano on October 04-08.

The high, isolated massif of Sheveluch volcano (also spelled Shiveluch) rises above the lowlands NNE of the Kliuchevskaya volcano group. The 1300 cu km Shiveluch is one of Kamchatka's largest and most active volcanic structures. The summit of roughly 65,000-year-old Stary Shiveluch is truncated by a broad 9-km-wide late-Pleistocene caldera breached to the south. Many lava domes dot its outer flanks. The Molodoy Shiveluch lava dome complex was constructed during the Holocene within the large horseshoe-shaped caldera; Holocene lava dome extrusion also took place on the flanks of Stary Shiveluch. At least 60 large eruptions of Shiveluch have occurred during the Holocene, making it the most vigorous andesitic volcano of the Kuril-Kamchatka arc. Widespread tephra layers from these eruptions have provided valuable time markers for dating volcanic events in Kamchatka. Frequent collapses of dome complexes, most recently in 1964, have produced debris avalanches whose deposits cover much of the floor of the breached caldera.

The Current Colour Code for Sheveluch is currently at ORANGE
~~~~~~~~~~~~

MANAM

As of the 11th of October, the Global Volcanism Network (GVN) has reported that incandescence was visible at the summit of Manam on 29 September and 1 October. The Main Crater occasionally released diffuse ash plumes during 1-5 October. Plumes drifted SW. White vapour plumes were emitted from South Crater.

The 10-km-wide island of Manam, lying 13 km off the northern coast of mainland Papua New Guinea, is one of the country's most active volcanoes. Four large radial valleys extend from the unvegetated summit of the conical 1807-m-high basaltic-andesitic stratovolcano to its lower flanks. These "avalanche valleys," regularly spaced 90 degrees apart, channel lava flows and pyroclastic avalanches that have sometimes reached the coast. Five small satellitic centres are located near the island's shoreline on the northern, southern and western sides. Two summit craters are present; both are active, although most historical eruptions have originated from the southern crater, concentrating eruptive products during the past century into the SE avalanche valley. Frequent historical eruptions have been recorded at Manam since 1616. A major eruption in 1919 produced pyroclastic flows that reached the coast, and in 1957-58 pyroclastic flows descended all four radial valleys. Lava flows reached the sea in 1946-47 and 1958.

The Current Colour Code for Manam is currently at ALERT LEVEL 1
~~~~~~~~~~

SOUFRIERE HILLS

As of the 17th of Ocotber, the Montserrat Volcano Observatory (MVO) has reported that measurable activity at the Soufrière Hills Volcano has remained low with no significant change over the last 24 hours. Whilst lava extrusion has ceased and the dome may not be actively growing, it remains as a large mass of partially molten lava capable of collapsing or exploding, although the likelihood of this is thought to decrease with time as no further lava extrusion occurs. The alert level remained at 4.

The complex, dominantly andesitic Soufrière Hills volcano occupies the southern half of the island of Montserrat. The summit area consists primarily of a series of lava domes emplaced along an ESE-trending zone. English's Crater, a 1-km-wide crater breached widely to the east, was formed during an eruption about 4000 years ago in which the summit collapsed, producing a large submarine debris avalanche. Block-and-ash flow and surge deposits associated with dome growth predominate in flank deposits at Soufrière Hills. Non-eruptive seismic swarms occurred at 30-year intervals in the 20th century, but with the exception of a 17th-century eruption that produced the Castle Peak lava dome, no historical eruptions were recorded on Montserrat until 1995. Long-term small-to-moderate ash eruptions beginning in that year were later accompanied by lava-dome growth and pyroclastic flows that forced evacuation of the southern half of the island and ultimately destroyed the capital city of Plymouth, causing major social and economic disruption.

The Current Colour Code for Soufriere Hills is currently at LEVEL 4
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« Reply #117 on: October 17, 2007, 06:20:10 PM »

Mt. St. HELENS

As of the 17th of October, the Cascades Volcano Observatory (CVO) reported that growth of the new lava dome inside the crater of Mt. St. Helens continues, accompanied by low rates of seismicity, low emissions of steam and volcanic gases, and minor production of ash. During such eruptions, changes in the level of activity can occur over days to months. The eruption could intensify suddenly or with little warning and produce explosions that cause hazardous conditions within several miles of the crater and farther downwind. Small lahars could suddenly descend the Toutle River if triggered by heavy rain or by interaction of hot rocks with snow and ice. These lahars pose a negligible hazard below the Sediment Retention Structure (SRS) but could pose a hazard along the river channel upstream.

Wind forecasts from the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), coupled with eruption models, show that any ash clouds rising above the crater rim today would drift ENE.

Clouds obscure the crater this morning, with the prospect of even worse visibility as the day progresses. Seismicity and deformation continue at levels and rates typical of the last days and weeks. The U.S. Geological Survey and the University of Washington continue to monitor the situation closely and will issue additional updates and changes in alert level as warranted.

Prior to 1980, Mt. St. Helens formed a conical, youthful volcano sometimes known as the Fuji-san of America. During the 1980 eruption the upper 400 m of the summit was removed by slope failure, leaving a 2 x 3.5 km horseshoe-shaped crater now partially filled by a lava dome. Mt. St. Helens was formed during nine eruptive periods beginning about 40-50,000 years ago, and has been the most active volcano in the Cascade Range during the Holocene. The modern edifice was constructed during the last 2,200 years, when the volcano produced basaltic as well as andesitic and dacitic products from summit and flank vents. Historical eruptions in the 19th century originated from the Goat Rocks area on the N flank, and were witnessed by early settlers.

The Current Colour Code for volcano Mt. St. Helens remains at ORANGE
~~~~~~~~

POPOCATEPETL

As of the 17th of October, the El Centro Nacional de Prevención de Desastres de la Secretaría de Gobernación (CENAPRED) has reported that in the last 24 hours the monitoring system of Popocatepetl volcano registered 2 exhalations accompanied by steam and gas emissions and occsionally small amounts of ash (see image #1). The other monitoring parameters remain without important changes. At the moment of this report CEANPRED can see the volcano with a steam and gas emissions (see image #2).

Volcano Popocatépetl, whose name is the Aztec word for smoking mountain, towers to 5426 m 70 km SE of Mexico City to form North America's 2nd-highest volcano. The glacier-clad stratovolcano contains a steep-walled, 250-450 m deep crater. The generally symmetrical volcano is modified by the sharp-peaked Ventorrillo on the NW, a remnant of an earlier volcano. At least three previous major cones were destroyed by gravitational failure during the Pleistocene, producing massive debris-avalanche deposits covering broad areas south of the volcano. The modern volcano was constructed to the south of the late-Pleistocene to Holocene El Fraile cone. Three major plinian eruptions, the most recent of which took place about 800 AD, have occurred from Popocatépetl since the mid Holocene, accompanied by pyroclastic flows and voluminous lahars that swept basins below the volcano. Frequent historical eruptions, first recorded in Aztec codices, have occurred since pre-columbian time.

The Current Colour Code for volcano Popocatepetl is YELLOW
~~~~~~~~~~~

PACAYA

As of the 11th of October, the Instituto Nacional de Sismologia, Vulcanologia, Meterologia, e Hidrologia (INSIVUMEH), after being translated from Spanish, reported that the volcano has moderate fumaroles of white and blue colour, that moves to the north. They are on the west flank of the edges and the lava flows continue and in the evening and night reflection of incandescence in minimum. It was observed the seismic activity which was registered by PCG and was of continuous explosions with little material on the Mackenney crater.

Eruptions from Pacaya, one of Guatemala's most active volcanoes, are frequently visible from Guatemala City, the nation's capital. Pacaya is a complex basaltic volcano constructed just outside the southern topographic rim of the 14 x 16 km Pleistocene Amatitlán caldera. A cluster of dacitic lava domes occupies the southern caldera floor. The post-caldera Pacaya massif includes the Cerro Grande lava dome and a younger volcano to the SW. Collapse of Pacaya volcano about 1100 years ago produced a debris-avalanche deposit that extends 25 km onto the Pacific coastal plain and left an arcuate somma rim inside which the modern Pacaya volcano (MacKenney cone) grew. A subsidiary crater, Cerro Chino, was constructed on the NW somma rim and was last active in the 19th century. During the past several decades, activity at Pacaya has consisted of frequent strombolian eruptions with intermittent lava flow extrusion that has partially filled in the caldera moat and armored the flanks of MacKenney cone, punctuated by occasional larger explosive eruptions that partially destroy the summit of the cone.

The Current Colour Code for Pacaya is at ORANGE
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« Reply #118 on: October 17, 2007, 06:22:24 PM »

FUEGO

As of the 11th of October, the Instituto Nacional de Sismologia, Vulcanologia, Meterologia, e Hidrologia (INSIVUMEH), after being translated from Spanish, reported that weak, moderate and strong explosions, expulsions have been observed with ash to 350 and 1200m of height on the crater, moving to the north and northwest, of their base. In their majority, these explosions are accompanied by rumblings and degassing sounds similar to turbines of an airplane of 3, 5, 15, 30 minutes duration. Expulsion of pyroclastic material was observed that this reconstructing the cone to the íntercrater, causing constant avalanches in the ravines Taniluya and Santa Teresa.

Fuego, one of Central America's most active volcanoes, is one of three large stratovolcanoes overlooking Guatemala's former capital, Antigua. Collapse of the ancestral Meseta volcano about 8,500 years ago produced a massive debris avalanche that traveled about 50 km onto the Pacific coastal plain. Growth of the modern Fuego volcano followed, continuing the southward migration of volcanism that began at Acatenango, the northern twin volcano of Fuego. Frequent vigorous historical eruptions have been recorded since 1524 and have produced major ashfalls, along with occasional pyroclastic flows and lava flows. The last major explosive eruption from Fuego took place in 1974, producing spectacular pyroclastic flows visible from Antigua.

The Current Colour Code for Fuego is ORANGE
~~~~~~~~~~~

SANTA MARIA

As of the 11th of October, the Instituto Nacional de Sismologia, Vulcanologia, Meterologia, e Hidrologia (INSIVUMEH), after being translated from Spanish, reported that there is little visibility in the volcanic complex. Some explosions in their majority have been observed expelling weak gray ash 300 and 600 metres of height, dispersing the column towards the southeast. Constant avalanches of blocks in the lava flows of the southwestern flank. The lahars in the rivers are with cloudy water.

The Current Colour Code for Santa Maria is ORANGE
~~~~~~~~~~~

TUNGURAHUA

As of the 17th of October, the Instituto Geofisico (IG), after being translated from Spanish, reported that activity activity stays in a moderate-high level, characterised in last the 24 hours by the generation continuous explosions, tremors and a deformation registered in the north flank.

With respect to seismicity: In the last 24 hours, Seismicity: 34 episodes of tremor of emission have been registered, 21 events of long period and 2 explosions. The greatest explosions happened at 2132hrs (Universal Time) of yesterday and at 1720hrs (UT) of today with measures of seismic displacement of 2.5 and 3.9 cm2, which describes them as signals of small size. Ash/Emissions/Brightness: In afternoon and night of observations due to the presence of cloudiness in the zone of the volcano were not made yesterday. Today a column of emission with moderate ash content was observed. The explosion of 1720hrs generated a steam column with little ash content that reached 3 km of height on the summit of the volcano. Climate/Rains/Lahars: At night yesterday they reported the presence of light rain that did not generate lahars. Deformation: From the 07th of October, the clinometer of RETU, located in the superior part of the northern flank, registered a noticeable deformation in the radial axis (180 urad).

The official colour of the volcanic alarm light remains on ORANGE
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« Reply #119 on: October 17, 2007, 06:24:30 PM »

RABAUL

As of the 11th of October, the Global Volcanism Network (GVN) reported that RVO reported that ash plumes from Rabaul caldera's Tavurvur cone rose to altitudes of approximately 1.7-2.7 km (5,600-8,900 ft) a.s.l. and drifted NW on 3 October. Ashfall was reported from areas downwind, including Rabaul Town. Ash plumes on 4 October drifted W and resulted in ashfall in Matupit Island, Malaguna. Incandescent fragments were ejected from the summit. On 5 October, vapor plumes with minor ash content were noted. Rumbling noises occasionally accompanied the ash emissions.

The low-lying Rabaul caldera on the tip of the Gazelle Peninsula at the NE end of New Britain forms a broad sheltered harbour utilised by what was the island's largest city prior to a major eruption in 1994. The outer flanks of the 688-m-high asymmetrical pyroclastic shield volcano are formed by thick pyroclastic-flow deposits. The 8 x 14 km caldera is widely breached on the east, where its floor is flooded by Blanche Bay and was formed about 1400 years ago. An earlier caldera-forming eruption about 7100 years ago is now considered to have originated from Tavui caldera, offshore to the north. Three small stratovolcanoes lie outside the northern and NE caldera rims of Rabaul. Post-caldera eruptions built basaltic-to-dacitic pyroclastic cones on the caldera floor near the NE and western caldera walls. Several of these, including Vulcan cone, which was formed during a large eruption in 1878, have produced major explosive activity during historical time. A powerful explosive eruption in 1994 occurred simultaneously from Vulcan and Tavurvur volcanoes and forced the temporary abandonment of Rabaul city.

The volcano Rabaul is currently at the ALERT LEVEL 1
~~~~~~~~~

KILAUEA

As of the 17th of October, it has been reported to INTLVRC direct from the Hawaiian Volcano Observatory (HVO), that the 7/21 eruption continued to supply a long, deep lava channel that is feeding pahoehoe overflows from the area where the bend in the channel was located. These flows are covering older lavas, and are currently the main form of activity, although seep-fed flows on both the northeast and southwest sides of the upper channel were especially active in the past 24 hours.

Last 24 hours at 7/21 eruption site: The lava level in the channel was just below the rim throughout Monday afternoon and night. Seep-fed flows were present on both the northeast and southwest sides of the upper channel. Pahoehoe overflows are active in the downstream portion of the channel where the bend was located, and represent the bulk of the activity on the flow field. The overflows are covering older lava flows.

Last 24 hours at Pu`u `O`o crater: Heavy fume obscures views in to the crater. Tilt has been flat since 1500hrs Sunday afternoon, and seismic tremor levels are low.

Last 24 hours at Kilauea summit: The summit tiltmeter network continues to indicate inflation of the caldera, which has accumulated a magnitude of almost 1 microradian since Saturday. Only one earthquake occurred beneath Kilauea caldera and seismic tremor levels remain low, following trends of the past week.

The Kilauea volcano is currently at the ORANGE
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